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What are Brain-Head Injuries

Brain or head injuries occur when the head either comes into contact with a surface such as the ground in a fall accident or an object like the hood of a car in a car-pedestrian accident.

There are two main types of head injuries: an open head injury and a closed head injury. An open head injury generally occurs when the skull is fractured or otherwise displaced. Open head injuries tend to occur in major accident cases, such as car accidents at high speeds or criminal cases, like a shooting or assault. Closed head injuries, on the other hand, do not involve any type of fracture.

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) almost always result from an open head injury and often result from a closed head injury. TBIs are generally characterized by changes in brain function. There are many different types of TBIs, such as diffuse axonal injury, brain concussions and brain contusions. TBIs can be mild or severe.

Related: Brain & Head Injuries in Accident, Injury Lawsuits in Pennsylvania

It is important to note that brain or head injuries may occur even in situations when the head does not come into contact with another object or surface. It is generally accepted in the medical community that severe whiplash can result in a head injury/TBI.

Common symptoms of a head injury or TBI include:

  • vomiting,
  • nausea,
  • seizure,
  • mental confusion with or without a loss of consciousness,
  • muscle weakness,
  • issues with balance/coordination, and
  • unequal pupil sizes.

Any of these symptoms indicate a potentially life-threatening situation requiring immediate medical attention.

Post concussion syndrome or post concussive syndrome (PCS) affects roughly 15% of those who suffer a TBI. Symptoms of PCS include:

  • migraine/headache,
  • sensitivity to light,
  • anxiety/depression,
  • personality changes (i.e., increased aggression),
  • lack of concentration,
  • loss of memory, and
  • difficulty with verbal communication.

PCS can last anywhere from several weeks to several months. In rare cases, an individual who suffered a brain injury will develop permanent symptoms, such as personality changes, memory loss, etc.

Treatment for PCS usually includes medication for headaches and rest. When symptoms persist, a medical doctor may send the patient to a neuropsychologist for evaluation and therapy. Many individuals who have suffered a brain injury with PCS often have difficulty recovering due to the enormous stress caused by an accident and resulting physical injuries. In addition, severely injured individuals are often unable to return to work, which in turn causes more stress. PCS is often exacerbated by stress. Therefore, individuals injured in accidents who suffer a brain injury often take much longer to recover, and in some cases, they never do.

Legal Rights for Brain-Head Injury Victims in Philadelphia PA & NJ

Individuals who have suffered a head or brain injury may be able to pursue legal action against another party for causing the accident. If you or a loved one suffered a head or brain injury and would like a free consultation, please call our accident and injury lawyers at 800.220.7600.

Our personal injury attorneys serve accident victims in the following areas: Allegheny County, PA; Berks County, PA; Bucks County, PA; Chester County, PA; Delaware County, PA; Lehigh County, PA; Montgomery County, PA; Northampton County, PA: Philadelphia County, PA; Atlantic County, NJ; Burlington County, NJ; Camden County, NJ; Cumberland County, NJ; Gloucester County, NJ; Salem County, NJ; New Castle County, DE; Kent County, DE; Atlantic City, NJ; Philadelphia, PA; Pittsburgh, PA; Newark, NJ; Doylestown, PA; Media, PA; West Chester, PA; Norristown, PA; Camden, NJ; Wilmington, DE; Newark, DE; Georgetown, DE; and New Castle, DE.